American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR)

About AJR

The monthly American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) is a highly respected peer-reviewed journal with a worldwide circulation of close to 25,000. For more than 100 years the AJR has been recognized as one of the most respected specialty journals in the world. AJR is published by the American Roentgen Ray Society, which was founded in 1900 as the first radiology society in the United States. The society has been a forum for progress in radiology since shortly after the discovery of the x-ray and is dedicated to the goal of the advancement of medicine through the science of radiology and its allied sciences.

Annual subscription to AJR is included in society membership. Web and mobile application access is an exclusive member benefit. For membership information and a full list of member benefits visit

Copyright © by American Roentgen Ray Society, all rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed, either in print or electronically, without permission.

Print ISSN: 0361-803X
Online ISSN: 1546-3141


AJR Editorial Board 

Editor in Chief
Thomas H. Berquist, MD

Editors Emeriti
Robert N. Berk, MD
Lee F. Rogers, MD
Robert J. Stanley, MD

Special Consulting Editors
Best Practices
Christoph I. Lee, MD, MSHS
Pari V. Pandharipande, MD, MPH

Michelle Barr, MD
Claire Bender, MD
Richard Benedikt, MD
Puneet Bhargava, MD
Joe Budovec, MD
Tessa Cook, MD
Kirkland Davis, MD
Patti de Groot, MD
Shauna Duigenan, MD
Mai Elezaby, MD
Sarah Erickson, MD
Chad Fleming, MD
Don Flemming, MD
Jonathan Flug, MD
Matthew Frick, MD
Nicole Hindman, MD
Doug Katz, MD
Huong (Carissa) Le Petross, MD
Cindy Miller, MD
Tanya Moseley, MD
Linda Moy, MD
Mary Newell, MD
Elsie Nguyen, MD
Douglas Phillips, MD
Colin Poon, MD
Edward Quigley, MD
Chris Straus, MD
Neil Vachhani, MD
Michael Vannier, MD

Leonard Berlin, MD

Structured Review
Mannudeep K. Kalra, MD

Section Editors
Cardiopulmonary Imaging
Patrick M. Colletti, MD
Assistant Editors
Joel E. Fishman, MD, PhD; Thomas C. Gerber, MD; Jin Mo Goo, MD (Asia); Loren H. Ketai, MD; Yasuyuki Kurihara, MD; U. Joseph Schoepf, MD; Jabi E. Shriki, MD; Srini Tridandapani, PhD, MD

Gastrointestinal Imaging
Perry J. Pickhardt, MD
Assistant Editors
Ann Covey, MD; Cesare Hassan, MD;Shahid M. Hussain, MD, PhD; Mark E. Lockhart, MD, MPH; Seong Ho Park, MD; Benjamin M. Yeh, MD

Genitourinary Imaging
Mukesh G. Harisinghani, MD
Assistant Editors
Jurgen J. Futterer, MD, MBCHB, FRCR (Europe); Elizabeth Hecht, MD; Pari Pandharipande, MD; Arumugam Rajesh, MBBS, FRCR; Andrew B. Rosenkrantz, MD

Health Care Policy and Quality
Howard P. Forman, MD, MBA
Assistant Editors
Vijay M. Rao, MD

Medical Physics and Informatics
E. Russell Ritenour, PhD
Assistant Editors
Richard L. Morin, PhD; Kent M. Ogden, PhD; Daniel E. Wessell, MD, PhD

Musculoskeletal Imaging
Donna G. Blankenbaker, MD
Assistant Editors
Jenny T. Bencardino, MD; Christine Chung, MD; Jon A. Jacobson, MD; Thomas M. Link, MD; Mark D. Murphey, MD; Wilfred C.G. Peh, MD (Asia); Philip Robinson, MBCHB, FRCR (Europe); Michael J. Tuite, MD

Neuroradiology/Head and Neck Imaging
James M. Provenzale, MD
Assistant Editors
Deborah A. Baumgarten, MD, MPH, FACR, FSA; Lotfi Hacein-Bey, MD; Bruno Soares, MD; Max Wintermark, MD

Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
King C. Li, MD, MBA
Assistant Editors
Hossein Jadvar, MD, PhD, MPH, MBA; Akiva Mintz, MD, PhD; Rathan M. Subramaniam, MD, PhD, MPH

Pediatric Imaging
Beverly P. Wood, MD, MSEd, PhD
Assistant Editors
Douglas S. Katz, MD, FACR; Edward Y. Lee, MD, MPH; Cindy Miller, MD

Vascular and Interventional Radiology
John A. Kaufman, MD
Assistant Editors
Thomas B. Kinney, MD, MSME; Sharon W. Kwan, MD Mehran Midia, MD, FRCP; Wael Saad, MD; Bien-Soo Tan, MD  

Women’s Imaging
Marcia C. Javitt, MD
Assistant Editors
Hiroyuki Abe, MD; Rachel F. Brem, MD; Stamatia V. Destounis, MD; Ellen B. Mendelson, MD; Cecilia L. Mercado, MD; Benoit Mesurolle, MD; Mary S. Newell, MD; Francesco Sardanelli, MD (Europe); Wei Tse Yang, MD