Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has taken more than a million lives worldwide and continues to proliferate in communities across the globe. The American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS) would like to extend our sincere condolences to those whose lives have been adversely impacted by this disease and our gratitude to the global community of health care workers who have worked tirelessly to preserve the lives of so many.

The ARRS is committed to promoting sound principles that protect the health and well-being of our patients and our members. We encourage everyone to practice and promote simple evidence-based risk mitigation strategies such as hand washing, masking, and social distancing as recommended by infectious disease and epidemiology experts, who possess the necessary knowledge and experience to guide us through a pandemic. In doing so, we not only protect ourselves, but we protect vulnerable populations and alleviate the growing pressure on our health care facilities and frontline providers.

The ARRS will continue to monitor new developments pertaining to COVID-19 to provide its members with content that is relevant, timely, and based on the best available scientific evidence. In order to promote the understanding of this often-lethal disease and the associated imaging features, ARRS is providing radiologists, medical professionals, and the public at large with open access to the latest imaging research on COVID-19, as well as supporting educational content. In this way, we will fulfill our mission of improving health through a community committed to advancing knowledge and skills in radiology.

ARRS Webinars

Artificial Intelligence in the Time of COVID-19

Artificial intelligence algorithms applied to COVID-19 confirmed patients or subjects under investigation offer the potential to develop a more accurate automated approach for early detection and prognostication using the combination of clinical and imaging data. At the moment, several AI solutions are being developed to be applied in different stages of the COVID-19 diagnostic workflow, from diagnosis to prognosis.

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Raising the Roof: Responding to a Pandemic MCI

Leading experts in emergency and trauma radiology provide a clinically important primer for health care professionals, as well as hospital systems, responding to the mass casualty incident that is the COVID-19 pandemic.

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From the AJR Files: COVID-19

Patrick M. Colletti, AJR's Cardiopulmonary Imaging Section Editor, provides a practice-based summary of 10 articles published ahead of print in the AJR Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Collection.

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AJR Podcasts

 Webinar

Revisiting Vaping and EVALI in the Context of the Current COVID-19 Outbreak

March's AJR Live Webinar explored the radiography and CT findings associated with EVALI and COVID-19, including the limitations of imaging in their diagnosis.

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 AJR
Articles

Access the latest clinical information you need on COVID-19. All articles published in AJR on COVID-19 are open access to support the global radiology community in providing the best possible patient care. Content will be updated regularly, so check back frequently.

Performance of a Severity Score on Admission Chest Radiograph in Predicting Clinical Outcomes in Hospitalized Patients with Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

For patients admitted with COVID-19, a simple admission CXR severity score may help predict hospital mortality, intubation, and CRRT.

Article  PDF

 

Hypercoagulability in Patients With Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Identification of Arterial and Venous Thromboembolism in the Abdomen, Pelvis, and Lower Extremities

CRDL is an uncommon but important differential consideration in patients with neurologic manifestations of COVID-19.

Article  PDF

 

COVID-19-Related Disseminated Leukoencephalopathy (CRDL): A Retrospective Study of Findings on Brain MRI

CRDL is an uncommon but important differential consideration in patients with neurologic manifestations of COVID-19.

Article  PDF

 

Multiinstitutional U.S. Academic Radiology Perspectives on Inpatient Diagnostic Imaging of Patients With Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and Persons Under Investigation

The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted radiologists to become aware of imaging findings related to the disease and to develop workflows for the imaging of patients with COVID-19 and persons under investigation, to optimize care for all patients and preserve the health of health care workers.

Article  PDF

 

Could Spectral CT Have a Potential Benefit in Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)?

The use of spectral CT with electron density imaging could improve the assessment of lung lesion extent in patients with early-stage COVID-19.

Article  PDF

 

Virtual Imaging Trials for Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

The developed toolsets in this study provide the foundation for use of virtual imaging trials in effective assessment and optimization of CT and radiography acquisitions and analysis tools to help manage the COVID-19 pandemic.

Article  PDF

 

Early Clinical and CT Manifestations of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pneumonia

The purpose of this study was to investigate early clinical and CT manifestations of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia.

Article  PDF

 

Timely Diagnosis and Treatment Shortens the Time to Resolution of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pneumonia and Lowers the Highest and Last CT Scores From Sequential Chest CT

This study aims to assess correlations of the time from symptom onset to diagnosis and treatment with the time to disease resolution and CT scores as based on findings from sequential chest CT examinations. 

Article  PDF

 

Association of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) With Large Vessel Occlusion Strokes: A Case-Control Study

Patients with COVID-19 presenting with acute neurologic symptoms warrant a lower threshold for suspicion of large vessel stroke, and prompt workup for large vessel stroke is recommended.

Article  PDF

 

Imaging Findings in Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) Associated with COVID-19

MIS-C associated with COVID-19 is characterized predominantly by cardiovascular abnormalities, though also solid visceral organ, gallbladder, and bowel abnormalities as well as ascites, reflecting a multisystemic inflammatory process.

Article  PDF

 

Lung Ultrasound Findings in Patients With Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Typical lung US findings in patients with COVID-19 included B-lines, pulmonary consolidation, and a thickened pleural line.

Article  PDF

 

CT of COVID-19 Pneumonia and Influenza Virus Pneumonia

The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in CT manifestations of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia and those of influenza virus pneumonia.

Article  PDF

 

Practical Guide to Rapidly Deploying Home Workstations

The COVID-19 pandemic has required rapid responses in radiology departments. Using creative solutions, this department was able to make a rapid transition to largely working from home.

Article  PDF

 

Diagnostic Ultrasound Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Nosocomial transmission of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) to frontline health care workers is well known, and health care workers may inadvertently become vectors for onward transmission. Ultrasound (US) service providers are at significant risk because scanning usually requires prolonged close patient contact. The bulky US equipment may also facilitate fomite transmission of disease. With increasing use of point-of-care and portable diagnostic US services, the risk is substantial.

Article  PDF  Press Release

 

Value of Chest CT for COVID-19 Detection

The purpose of this article is to systematically review and meta-analyze the diagnostic accuracy of chest CT in detecting coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Article  PDF

 

A Comparison of Clinical and Chest CT Findings in Patients With H1N1 Virus Infection and COVID-19

The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and chest CT findings in patients with influenza A (H1N1) pneumonia and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia.

Article  PDF

 

CT Appearance of COVID-19 in Pediatric Patients

The purpose of this study is to characterize the CT findings of 30 children from mainland China who had laboratory-confirmed coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Article  PDF  Press Release

 

Interventional Procedures and COVID-19

The purpose of this article is to present strategies and guidelines that can be implemented in the performance of cross-sectional interventional procedures during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

Article  PDF  Press Release

 

Rapid Deployment of Home PACS Workstations

This article describes the rapid deployment of home workstations to achieve social distancing in the radiology department at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Article  PDF  Press Release

 

Comparing CT and RT-PCR Viral Nucleic Acid Testing

Multiple studies suggest CT should be a primary diagnostic tool for coronavirus disease (COVID-19) because they reported sensitivities with CT far superior to that of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing. This review aimed to assess these reports and found chest CT to have a clinical utility that is limited, particularly for patients who show no symptoms and patients who are screened early in disease progression.

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Can Chest CT Features Distinguish Patients With Negative From Those With Positive Initial RT-PCR Results for Coronavirus Disease COVID-19?

The purpose of this open access study was to explore the value of CT in the diagnosis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia, especially for patients who have negative initial results of reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing.

Article  PDF

 

CT Infection Control and Personal Protection From COVID-19

This open access article describes modifications to the CT examination process, strict disinfection of examination rooms, arrangement of waiting areas, and efforts to increase radiographers' awareness of personal protection made at an institution during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Article  PDF  Press Release

 

Coronaviruses, H1N1, and EVALI in Pediatric Patients

This open access article reviews new pediatric lung disorders—including disorders that have occurred in recent years years such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), swine-origin influenza A (H1N1), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), e-cigarette or vaping product use–associated lung injury (EVALI), and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia—to enhance understanding of the characteristic imaging findings.

Article  PDF  Press Release

 

Unexpected Findings of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) at the Lung Bases on Abdominopelvic CT

This study reports on unanticipated lung base findings on abdominal CT in 23 patients concerning for COVID-19.

Article  PDF

 

Lung Base Findings of COVID-19 on Abdominal CT in Patients With Predominant Gastrointestinal Symptoms

This series of patients presented to the emergency department (ED) with abdominal pain, without the respiratory symptoms typical of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), and the abdominal radiologist was the first to suggest COVID-19 infection because of findings in the lung bases on CT of the abdomen.

Article  PDF

 

SARS-CoV-2 From the Trenches: A Perspective From New York City

This article presents experiences that are meant to help foster discussion as the wave of COVID-19 continues. Thoughtful leadership and careful continuous communication will help us minimize anxiety and frustration during this difficult time.

Article  PDF

 

Review of the Literature on Chest CT and COVID-19

The purpose of this article is to critically review some of the most frequently cited studies on the use of CT for detecting COVID-19.

Article  PDF  Press Releases

 

Timely Diagnosis and Treatment of COVID-19

This study assesses correlations of the time from symptom onset to diagnosis and treatment with the time to disease resolution and CT scores as based on findings from sequential chest CT examinations.

Article  PDF  Press Release

 

Pregnancy and Perinatal Outcomes of Women With COVID-19

This study describes the clinical manifestations and CT features of COVID-19 pneumonia in 15 pregnant women to provide some initial evidence that can be used for guiding treatment.

Article  PDF

 

Early Clinical and CT Manifestations of COVID-19 Pneumonia

This study investigates early clinical and CT manifestations of COVID-19 pneumonia.

Article  PDF

 

Systematic Review of COVID-19 Imaging Findings

This article includes a systematic literature search of PubMed, Embase (Elsevier), Google Scholar, and the World Health Organization database.

Article  PDF

 

Clinical and Chest CT Findings of COVID-19

This study assesses the clinical features and CT manifestations of COVID-19 by comparing patients with COVID-19 pneumonia with patients with non–COVID-19 pneumonia who presented at a fever observation department in Shanghai, China.

Article  PDF

 

CT Features of COVID-19 Pneumonia

This study investigated 62 subjects in Wuhan, China, with laboratory-confirmed coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia and describe the CT features of this epidemic disease.

Article  PDF

 

How SARS Experience Influenced Response to COVID-19

This article details how Singapore General Hospital’s diagnostic, vascular, and interventional radiologists, nuclear medicine and molecular imaging specialists, as well as radiographers and nursing units responded to the SARS outbreak of 2003—offering a thorough list of 43 ground operational considerations for imaging departments presently reacting to the COVID-19 epidemic.

Article  PDF  Press Release

 

Wuhan CT Scans Reliable for Coronavirus Diagnosis, Limited for Differentiation

An article by radiologists from Wuhan, China concluded that chest CT had a low rate of misdiagnosis of COVID-19 (3.9%, 2/51) and could help standardize imaging features and rules of transformation for rapid diagnosis; however, CT remains limited for the identification of specific viruses and distinguishing between viruses.

Article  PDF  Press Release

 

Chinese Researchers Detail Chest CT Findings in Coronavirus Disease Pneumonia

A multi-center study of the relationship between chest CT findings and the clinical conditions of COVID-19 pneumonia determined that most patients with COVID-19 pneumonia have ground-glass opacities (86.1%) or mixed GGO and consolidation (64.4%) and vascular enlargement in the lesion (71.3%).

Article  PDF  Press Release


Novel Coronavirus Imaging Features Overlap with SARS and MERS

Although the imaging features of COVID-19 are variable and nonspecific, the findings reported thus far do show “significant overlap” with those of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

Article  PDF  Press Release